World Justice Project
World Justice Project: Rule of Law Index 2023
25 • 10 • 2023

The rule of law has once again eroded in a
majority of countries this year, according to the World Justice Project (WJP) Rule of Law
Index 2023.

This is the sixth consecutive Index marking global declines in the rule of law. This year alone, the rule of law declined in 59% of countries surveyed—including Greece.

Since 2016, rule of law has fallen in 78% of countries studied. The rule of law factor to decline most between 2016 and 2023 is Fundamental Rights—down in 77% of countries,
including Greece.

Over the past seven years, Index scores for Constraints on Government Powers have fallen in 74% of countries—but not in Greece. Around the world, legislatures, judiciaries, and civil society—including the media—have all lost ground on checking executive power, the Index shows.

On the other hand, declines in the functioning of justice systems are now expanding. Two thirds of countries (66%) saw their Index scores for Civil Justice fall this year, up from 61% of countries last year—including Greece. Greater justice delays and weaker enforcement are largely to blame. Meanwhile, scores for Criminal Justice also fell in slightly more countries this year (56%) than last year (55%).

Greece ranks 47th out of 142 countries worldwide.

Regionally, Greece ranks 29th out of 31 countries in European Union, European Free Trade Association, and North America.* The region’s top performer is Denmark (ranked 1st out of 142 globally), followed by Norway and Finland. The three countries with the lowest scores in the region are Greece, Bulgaria, and Hungary (73rd globally).

In the last year, 16 out of 31 countries declined in the European Union, European Free
Trade Association, and North America. Of those 16 countries, seven had also declined in
the previous year.

Among high income countries, Greece ranks 41st out of 46.

For more detailed information download the full text of the report and visit the detailed results page for Greece.

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