European Commission
2022 Rule of Law Report – Country Chapter Greece
13 • 07 • 2022

The 2022 Rule of Law Report, including its 27 country chapters, examines developments across the Member States, both positive and negative, in four key areas for the rule of law: the justice system, the anti-corruption framework, media pluralism and other institutional issues related to checks and balances. In examining these areas, the Commission has continued deepening its assessment and the following up on the challenges and developments identified in the previous two reports.

The report also covers for the first time some new topics that have emerged as relevant for ensuring the rule of law, such as public service media and an overview of the implementation of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. The additions of these topics also corresponds to requests by the European Parliament and stakeholders.

The country chapters, which rely on a qualitative assessment carried out by the Commission, analyse new developments since the previous report and the follow-up to the challenges and developments identified in the 2021 edition.

The Report is part of broader EU efforts to promote and defend its values. This work includes the European Democracy Action Plan and the renewed Strategy for the Implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, as well as targeted strategies to progress towards a Union of Equality. Another related aspect is monitoring the application of EU law and the protection of fundamental rights under the Charter, including through the use of infringement proceedings.

As of this year, the Report also includes specific recommendations to all Member States. In line with the preventive nature of the Report, the objective of the recommendations is to assist Member States in their efforts to take forward reforms, to encourage positive developments, and to identify where improvements or follow-up to recent changes or reforms may be needed, based on continuous dialogue with them.

The Commission has prepared this report based on continued dialogue with the Member States, while fully preserving political responsibility for its assessment and the recommendations issued. The next edition will follow-up on the developments and assess the implementation of the recommendations.

European Commission
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